Texas Meth Statistics and Treatment of Meth Addiction

A stimulant that is very addictive, methamphetamine may adversely affect an individual who uses it.1 Crystal meth can look similar to “rocks” that are blue-white and shiny or can look similar to glass pieces; regular meth may be in the form of a powder or may be in the form of a pill.1,2 Meth may be referred to as “ice”, “blue”, “speed”, and “crystal”.1

Under the Controlled Substances Act, this drug is deemed a Schedule II drug; there is accepted medical use for meth when it’s in a product that has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but meth’s potential for abuse is high.2,3

Ways someone could use meth include via injecting dissolved powder, via snorting, via smoking, or via swallowing a pill.1,2

Meth in Texas

Based on 2016-2017 surveys, it was estimated that in Texas on average each year over 120,000 persons in the 12 years old and up age group used methamphetamine in the last year.4

In Texas, there were over 950 deaths involving methamphetamine that occurred in 2018 (however, this source’s drug mortality information was obtained from provisional data).5

There were over 570 poison center calls related to methamphetamine that occurred in 2018 in Texas.5

Treatment in Texas

There were 12,385 treatment admissions of Texas residents that took place in 2018 where the primary substance was methamphetamine or amphetamines, and among these:5

  • Over 70% were of non-Hispanic, white individuals.
  • Over half were of female individuals.
  • Over half were of individuals who used via smoking.
  • Over two-thirds were of individuals in the 26 through 44 age group.

Treatment for Addiction to Methamphetamine

For addiction to meth, behavioral therapies are currently the most efficacious treatment methods.6

Two types of behavioral therapies are contingency management interventions and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT); also, behavioral therapy is part of the Matrix Model.6

Contingency management (CM) interventions might be efficacious for a person.6,7 CM interventions reward persons to reinforce behaviors that are positive and might successfully encourage abstinence as well as improve treatment retention; rewards might be vouchers (these might be redeemable for movie passes, for instance) or they might be chances to win prizes.7

With CBT, a person could learn to identify as well as rectify behaviors that are problematic through applying various skills that are able to be utilized to quit abusing drugs as well as  address various other issues that frequently co-occur with drug abuse.8

The idea that learning processes have a crucial part in patterns of behavior that are maladaptive such as drug abuse developing is foundational to cognitive-behavioral strategies.8

The Matrix Model incorporates several different elements, including behavioral therapy as well as other components.6 A framework is supplied by this model for engaging persons who abuse stimulants in treatment as well as for assisting these persons to achieve abstinence.9

Narcotics Anonymous and Crystal Meth Anonymous

For an individual, a self-help group may complement professional treatment as well as prolong its impacts.10

Someone addicted to any drug(s) could become a member of Narcotics Anonymous (NA), which supplies a support network of peers as well as a recovery process.11

Crystal Meth Anonymous (CMA) might be particularly beneficial as an individual might feel other persons addicted to crystal meth are the most relatable.12

CMA’s website indicates membership fees or dues do not exist, and to be a member an individual just must want to quit using.12

The collection of principles which make up CMA’s twelve steps are intended to generate a spiritual awakening.12

Individuals are able to recover from addiction to meth.1

 

Sources
  1. National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2019). DrugFacts: Methamphetamine.
  2. Drug Enforcement Administration; U.S. Department of Justice. (2017). Drugs of abuse: A DEA resource guide: 2017 edition.
  3. United States Drug Enforcement Administration. Drug scheduling.
  4. (2019). 2016-2017 NSDUH state-specific tables.
  5. Maxwell, J. C. (2019). State of Texas: Drug use patterns and trends, 2019.
  6. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2019). Methamphetamine: What treatments are effective for people who misuse methamphetamine?.
  7. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (third edition): Contingency management interventions/motivational incentives (alcohol, stimulants, opioids, marijuana, nicotine).
  8. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (third edition): Cognitive-behavioral therapy (alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, nicotine).
  9. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (third edition): The Matrix Model (stimulants).
  10. National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2018). Principles of drug addiction treatment: A research-based guide (third edition): Where do 12-step or self-help programs fit into drug addiction treatment?.
  11. Narcotics Anonymous World Services, Inc. Information about NA.
  12. Crystal Meth Anonymous. What is Crystal Meth Anonymous?.

 

About The Contributor
Sophie Stein, MSN
Clinical Editor
Sophie Stein received her master’s of science in nursing from Vanderbilt University School of Nursing. She previously worked as an advanced practice registered nurse at an outpatient psychiatric practice providing mental health care for children,... Read More
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