Ideas about addiction and appropriate treatment are changing. More people are beginning to understand addiction as a chronic disease of the brain, influenced by a complex combination of genetics, family history, environment, and stress. Treatment programs reflect these changes in understanding, and post-rehabilitation programs are evolving as well.
Sober living homes are a form of transitional housing, but they do not offer in-home treatment or therapy. Instead, an onsite manager maintains the house rules and health standards. This person is often living in recovery, so they are familiar with the situation new sober living home residents are dealing with. The manager is also usually an employee of the sober living home or company.
Unlike other types of transitional or residential housing programs, sober living homes are kept intentionally small, and they are often located in quiet residential neighborhoods. Residents pay rent, cover their own bills, buy their own groceries, and attend regular treatment programs. Residents may participate in 12-Step meetings, secular support groups, individual therapy, and more formal outpatient rehabilitation programs. Residents are often required to find a job, go to school, or volunteer.