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Methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II drug.1 This stimulant is very addictive.2-7 Meth can be prescribed as the brand name medicine Desoxyn for certain conditions.5,6
Meth might be referred to by names including “speed”, “chalk”, or “tina”.3,8 Crystal meth may be referred to using terms such as “crystal”, “shards”, “glass”, “ice”, “crank”, “go fast”, or “fire”.4,8
Crystal methamphetamine might look similar to “rocks” that are blue-white and shiny or similar to little glass pieces.2,3,4 A person could inject or smoke crystal meth.4
It was estimated that in 2018 around a million people 12 years old and older in the U.S. used methamphetamine in the prior month.9
Methamphetamine is capable of causing large quantities of dopamine to be released quickly in brain regions that are involved with reward; this can cause a person who uses meth to want to do it again.3,10
In the short-term, some ways that meth might impact a person include:3,10,11
Meth is able to impact an individual’s judgment and decrease an individual’s inhibitions; methamphetamine could lead an individual to act in a way that is hazardous, such as sexual actions that are risky.3,12-15 Additionally, methamphetamine might raise a person’s libido.12,13,15 Therefore, meth can make a person’s risk of catching or passing on hepatitis and HIV/AIDS higher even if that person does not inject it.3,4,8,12-16
Overdosing on meth might cause:3,5,6,10
Call 911 immediately if you think you or another person may have overdosed on methamphetamine.
Issues that might result from using meth long-term include:3,11
Withdrawal, or a “crash”, may occur if an individual stops using meth; this individual may experience depression, anxiousness, psychosis, anger, cravings, and/or tiredness.3,8,17,18 While going through withdrawal from a stimulant, a person might even become suicidal.18,19 Call 911 or a suicide hotline right away if you or someone else is suicidal.
A stimulant use disorder in which methamphetamine is the drug used is a methamphetamine use disorder.18
For a stimulant use disorder, there are several possible symptoms, including:18
*If an individual only is using stimulant medicines under medical oversight that is suitable, neither withdrawal nor tolerance are considered symptoms of a stimulant use disorder.18
Consult a healthcare provider if you may have an addiction.20
Settings where a person may participate in addiction treatment include inpatient, residential, and/or outpatient.21
It is important that a person’s addiction treatment fits that person’s needs and is suitable for that person.21 When looking for treatment, look for a provider or program that can meet your needs.
When looking for treatment for an addiction, check at the option(s) you are considering if the treatments that are utilized are backed by evidence.22 Behavioral therapies are currently the most efficacious ways to treat addiction to meth.23 Motivational incentives and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are two types of behavioral therapies that could be utilized to treat an individual’s addiction to meth.3,23
Additionally, when looking for addiction treatment, check at the option(s) you are considering if treatment is adjusted for any changes in the needs of the individual and if the treatment has an adequate duration.22