Call us today
At American Addiction Centers, we strive to provide the most up-to-date and accurate medical information on the web so our readers can make informed decisions about their healthcare.
Our reviewers are credentialed medical providers specializing in addiction treatment and behavioral healthcare. We follow strict guidelines when fact-checking information and only use credible sources when citing statistics and medical information. Look for the medically reviewed badge ( Medically Reviewed Badge ) on our articles for the most up-to-date and accurate information.
If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate or out-of-date, please let us know at ContactAAC@ContactAAC.com.
Cocaine, a stimulant substance which could harm or kill an individual, comes from a plant.1,2 To get the stimulant impact from coca leaves, they have been chewed and consumed by individuals for centuries.1 Currently a Schedule II substance, individuals undergoing some operations might be given cocaine as a local anesthetic.1,3
Cocaine abuse does occur, and it is sold on the street.1 Whitish little chunks (these might be called “crack”) as well as white powder are possible cocaine forms.1,2,4
Some ways an individual might use the drug include via dissolving then injecting intravenously, via smoking (for crack), or via snorting.1,2,4
One cocaine hazard is it’s very addictive.2
Cocaine is able to induce an accumulation of a lot of the neurotransmitter dopamine in between neurons, yet acclimation to these greater amounts and lowered sensitivity can occur.2
A stimulant use disorder in which cocaine is the drug used is a cocaine use disorder.5
For a stimulant use disorder, there are multiple possible symptoms, including:5
*If an individual is only using stimulant medicines under medical oversight that is suitable, neither withdrawal nor tolerance are considered symptoms of a stimulant use disorder.5
Cocaine, through binding to a certain kind of protein that’s known as a dopamine transporter, is able to obstruct them from taking dopamine out the space that two neurons have in between each other.6,7 Additionally, norepinephrine and serotonin can have their transporters obstructed due to cocaine.7
If an individual uses cocaine, it might trigger things including:2
Cocaine is able to worsen judgment; the likelihood of an individual getting hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS might be elevated because of using needles someone already used and/or sexual activities that are risky.2,8
If an individual uses cocaine for a while, the individual might suffer from issues including:2
A cocaine overdose could kill an individual.2 If an individual might have overdosed on cocaine, call 911 immediately.
An individual who overdoses on cocaine may have issues such as:2
An individual might experience symptoms of withdrawal, possibly including:2,9
An individual might become suicidal.9 Immediately call 911 or a suicide hotline if you or someone else is suicidal.
An individual might overdose.9 Immediately call 911 if you or someone else might have overdosed.
Consult a healthcare provider if you may have an addiction to a drug.10
For treatment, an individual with addiction to cocaine might participate in CBT (cognitive-behavioral therapy) and/or might participate in another type of behavioral therapy.2