How Long Does Adderall Withdrawal Take?
Adderall is a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. The most common medicinal uses for Adderall include the treatment of the symptoms of ADHD and narcolepsy.
ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) is a developmental disorder consisting of issues with attention impulsivity and hyperactive behavior. It occurs most often in children and adolescents but can occur in adults. Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder where individuals have severe issues with daytime sleepiness.
The ingredients in Adderall are classified as central nervous system stimulants. Adderall is marketed in immediate-release and extended-release versions (Adderall XR). The extended-release alternative was designed to be used by individuals with ADHD so they could avoid having to take the drug more than once daily.
Despite very well-intended medicinal uses, the drug is a potential drug of abuse. The United States Drug Enforcement Agency classifies all forms of Adderall as Schedule II controlled substances, meaning they can only be legally obtained with a physician’s prescription, and despite their utility in the treatment of certain medical or psychological conditions, they also have the potential to be abused. Chronic use can lead to physical or psychological dependence.
The abuse of stimulants is a major issue because these drugs have the effect of increasing energy levels, instilling a sense of wellbeing and euphoria, decreasing the need for sleep, and bolstering productivity at work or school, but they can also lead to physical and mental impairments.
For the most part, these drugs are prescribed for a number of medical and psychological conditions, and individuals who use stimulant medications within the confines of their prescription and according to their doctor’s orders will typically not develop a substance use disorder, but they may still develop some level of psychological or physical dependence to them. While the development of psychological or physical dependence can be a sign of a substance use disorder (drug abuse or addiction), it is not necessarily an indicator of the abuse of the drug. A substance use disorder is defined as the nonmedicinal use of a drug that leads to issues with control and has negative ramifications on the individual’s life. People who use the drug for medicinal purposes and within the confines of their prescription are not abusing it, even if their use does result in some level of psychological or physical dependence.
The majority of people who abuse Adderall are between the ages of 12 and 30. Stimulant drugs like Adderall have gained popularity with high school and college students who grind up the pills into a powder and snort them to achieve greater energy and awareness for long periods of study. This is obviously drug use outside the instructed methods of the prescription.